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Tuesday, September 17, 2019

Understanding the GPA grading scale


GPA is the abbreviation for Grade Point Average. This marking system is also followed in many Indian schools, colleges and universities. But the system followed by Indian institutions is quite different from that followed abroad. Students getting newly into the GPA system abroad might get bit confused about the marking system.

Firstly one should know what are GPA and CGPA. As we already know GPA stands for grade point average. It is used to calculate the average grades of students over a given period of time, say semester or term. The GPA is calculated by dividing the average grade points achieved by the student by the total credits present in the entire course period. On the other hand, CGPA is an abbreviation for cumulative grade point average. It denotes the student’s average grade after the entire course. It assesses the student’s performance throughout the academic program, like bachelor’s degree, master’s degree or school’s academic year. It is a parameter to judge the student’s entire year’s performance. Credits are the entire time period spent by the students in class and grade points are the marks attained by the student in each subject. To calculate the CGPA, one has to divide the total of grade score by total credits.

GPA format of scoring is used mainly in Australia, Canada and USA. However, the marking scale is different. In USA the scale is from 0.0 to 4.0, 4.0 being the highest whereas in Australia the scale is from 0.0 to 7.0, where 7.0 is the highest.
GPA in the Indian education system

GPA calculation in India is very much different from that used in schools and colleges abroad and this can make Indian students quite confused when they try to apply in international schools. In India, students are mostly marked on basis of percentage, which later is divided into four ranks known as divisions. The first is distinction which is seventy five percent and above, next is first division which is sixty percent to seventy five percent, next is second division which is from fifty percent to sixty percent and the last is third division which is forty percent to fifty percent. Another system which is very prevalent in India is ten point GPA. It is mainly graded by letters, like nine means an A and so on.

These can be very easily converted in GPA and CGPA according to international methods of calculation. Similarly CGPA Calculator is also an easy method. For converting letter grades or percentage into GPA grades the process is very easy. The percentage is first converted to the letter grade and then it is compared to the standardized score of international schools. Suppose, A is ninety five percent, then according to international GPA it is a four, if B is eighty five percent then according to international GPA it is three, similarly C is two and D is one.

Here is a conversion table from Indian scores to GPA:
Indian Percentage
Letter Grade
4 point GPA
60-100%
A
4
55-59%
B+
3.5
50-54%
B
3
43-49%
C+
2.5
35-42%
C
2
0-34%
F
0

Why GPA plays an important role?

Whenever a student applies for studying abroad, the first thing seen by an admission officer are his grades in different subjects. This gives him an idea of who you are as a student. It gives an idea whether you are a hardworking fellow, whether you will make a proper use of this opportunity to study abroad and so on. Thus, GPA creates an impact of who you are on the admission officer. It also depicts your seriousness and commitment towards studies.

If your GPA is high you are almost automatically assumed to be smart to get hold of newer and tougher concepts easily, this also might be an added bonus for your future growth as your employer might also give importance to your grades. Thus, it is always important to maintain a high GPA if you want an elevated growth in career.

How early should you start checking your GPA?

It is very important to keep a check on your GPA and know the reason why it might be going down. You can apply techniques and take suggestions from your teachers to maintain a good GPA. It’s always better if you start looking after your GPA as early as grade 10. This increases your chances as GPA is an average score. Thus, the sooner, the better!
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