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Thursday, August 18, 2022

A Paragraph on Democracy: Essay on Democracy (100, 200, 250, 300 Words) in English

 

A Paragraph on Democracy: Essay on Democracy (100, 200, 250, 300 Words) in English
A Paragraph on Democracy: Essay on Democracy (100, 200, 250, 300 Words) in English

Today, we are sharing a Paragraph on Democracy. This article can help the students who are looking for information about a Paragraph on Democracy in English. This essay on Democracy is very simple and easy to remember. The level of this paragraph is moderate so any students can write on this topic. This article is generally useful for all classes.


Students can find below a paragraph on Democracy in english along with an essay on Democracy of 100, 200, 250, 300 words. If you have any issue regarding the content of this article “Paragraph on Democracy” please let us know in the comments.


Paragraph on Democracy Details

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Topic

Democracy

Material

Paragraph on Democracy or Essay on Democracy

Language

English

For

Students of any Class 1-12

Format

Text

Category

Paragraph or Essay

Provider

HSSLIVE


How to Find a Paragraph on Democracy or Essay on Democracy in English?

  1. Visit our website Hsslive.
  2. Now search for the main Paragraph or Essay article.
  3. Once on the main page search for the particular topic i.e Democracy.
  4. Click on the Paragraph on Democracy in English page for complete assignment.

Paragraph on Democracy in 100-150 Words / Essay on Democracy in 100 Words

Students can find below a paragraph of Democracy in 100-150 words or essay on Democracy in 100 words:


Democracy allows us to choose a ruler which will work on behalf of the people who had chosen them. A few characteristics of democracy are:

  • It has an opposition party to keep an eye on the work of the ruling government.
  • It is surrounded by law and regulation which is the same for all.
  • Democracy represents a more transparent and open form of government.
  • It supports distributed power rather than centralized power.

Types of Democracy: There are two main types of democracy; direct democracy and indirect democracy.

  • Direct democracy sometimes also refers as pure democracy provides all the power in the hands of the people. In a pure democracy, every single law, policy, andbill was decided by the people.This type of democracy was practiced in ancient times.
  • Indirect democracy, also sometimes referred to as representative democracy, is the form of government that we follow today.In this democracy,people choose their representative who is then responsible for making laws and policies for them.

Democracy in different countries: Democracy in different countries is measured according to the Democracy Index. On a scale of 167, 23 countries are categorized as fully democratic, 52 as flawed democracies, 35 as hybrid regimes, and 57 as authoritarian regimes by the Democracy Index. The US, France, Belgium, India, and Brazil are considered under flawed democracy.

Demerits of democracy: Apart from merits it too has some demerits. The main disadvantage is corruption. The electoral process comes with an increasing rate of corruption. Another problem is consistency. Due to the regular changing of the leader, the problem of instability arises. However, it also slows down the process of decision-making.


Paragraph on Democracy in 200-250 Words / Essay on Democracy in 200 Words

Students can find below a paragraph of Democracy in 200-250 words or essay on Democracy in 200 words:


As Abraham Lincoln once said, “democracy is the government of the people, by the people and for the people.” There is undeniably no doubt that the core of democracies lies in making people the ultimate decision-makers. With time, the simple definition of democracy has evolved to include other principles like equality, political accountability, rights of the citizens and to an extent, values of liberty and justice. Across the globe, representative democracies are widely prevalent, however, there is a major variation on how democracies are practised. The major two types of representative democracy are presidential and parliamentary forms of democracy. Moreover, not all those who present themselves as a democratic republic follow its values.

Many countries have legally deprived some communities to live with dignity and protect their liberty, or are practising authoritarian rule through majoritarianism or populist leaders. Despite this, one of the things that are central and basic to all is the practice of elections and voting. However, even in such a case, the principles of universal adult franchise and practice of free and fair elections are theoretically essential but very limited in practice, for a democracy. Unlike several other nations, India is still, at least constitutionally and principally, a practitioner of an ideal democracy.

With our three organs of the government, namely legislative, executive and judiciary, the constitutional rights to citizens, multiparty system, laws to curb discrimination and spread the virtues of equality, protection to minorities, and a space for people to discuss, debate and dissent, India has shown a commitment towards democratic values. In recent times, with challenges to freedom of speech, rights of minority groups and a conundrum between protection of diversity and unification of the country, the debate about the preservation of democracy has become vital to public discussion.


Paragraph on Democracy in 300 Words / Essay on Democracy in 300-500 Words

Students can find below a paragraph of Democracy in 300-500 words or essay on Democracy in 300 words:


Democracy has originated from a Greek word dēmokratiā, with dēmos ‘people’ and Kratos ‘rule.’ For the first time, the term appeared in the 5th century BC to denote the political systems then existing in Greek city-states, notably Classical Athens, to mean “rule of the people.” It now refers to a form of governance where the people have the right to participate in the decision-making of the country. Majorly, it is either direct democracy where citizens deliberate and make legislation while in representative democracy, they choose government officials on their behalf, like in a parliamentary or presidential democracy.

The presidential system (like in the USA) has the President as the head of the country and the government, while the parliamentary system (like in UK and India) has both a Prime Minister derives its legitimacy from a parliament and even has a nominal head like a monarch or a President.

The notions and principle frameworks of democracy have evolved with time. At the core, lies the idea of political discussions and negotiations. In contrast to its alternatives like monarchy, anarchy, oligarchy etc., it is the one with the most liberty to incorporate diversity. The ideas of equality, political representation to all, active public participation, the inclusion of dissent, and most importantly, the authority to the law by all makes it an attractive option for citizens to prefer, and countries to follow.

The largest democracy in the world, India with the lengthiest constitution has tried and to an extent, successfully achieved in incorporating the framework to be a functional democracy. It is a parliamentary democratic republic where the President is head of the state and the Prime minister is head of the government. It works on the functioning of three bodies, namely legislative, executive, and judiciary. By including the principles of a sovereign, socialist, secular and democratic republic, and undertaking the guidelines to establish equality, liberty and justice, in the preamble itself, India shows true dedication to achieving the ideal.

It has formed a structure that allows people to enjoy their rights, fight against discrimination or any other form of suppression, and protect their rights as well. The ban on all and any form of discrimination, an independent judiciary, governmental accountability to its citizens, freedom of media and press, secular values are some common values shared by all types of democracies.

Across the world, countries have tried rooting their constitution with the principles of democracy. However, the reality is different. Even though elections are conducted everywhere, mostly, they lack freedom of choice and fairness. Even in the world’s greatest democracies, there are challenges like political instability, suppression of dissent, corruption, and power dynamics polluting the political sphere making it unjust for the citizens. Despite the consensus on democracy as the best form of government, the journey to achieve true democracy is both painstaking and tiresome.

​ #BBD0E0 »

Conclusion on Paragraph on Democracy in English

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FAQs on Paragraph on Democracy in English


Few Lines on Importance of Democracy??

Democracy (from Greek δημοκρατία (dēmokratía) dēmos 'people' and kratos 'rule') is a form of government in which the people have the authority to deliberate and decide legislation ("direct democracy"), or to choose governing officials to do so ("representative democracy"). Who is considered part of "the people" and how authority is shared among or delegated by the people has changed over time and at different rates in different countries, but over time more and more of a democratic country's inhabitants have generally been included. Cornerstones of democracy include freedom of assembly, association, property rights, freedom of religion and speech, inclusiveness and equality, citizenship, consent of the governed, voting rights, freedom from unwarranted governmental deprivation of the right to life and liberty, and minority rights.

The notion of democracy has evolved over time considerably. The original form of democracy was a direct democracy. The most common form of democracy today is a representative democracy, where the people elect government officials to govern on their behalf such as in a parliamentary or presidential democracy.

Prevalent day-to-day decision making of democracies is the majority rule, though other decision making approaches like supermajority and consensus have also been integral to democracies. They serve the crucial purpose of inclusiveness and broader legitimacy on sensitive issues—counterbalancing majoritarianism—and therefore mostly take precedence on a constitutional level. In the common variant of liberal democracy, the powers of the majority are exercised within the framework of a representative democracy, but the constitution limits the majority and protects the minority—usually through the enjoyment by all of certain individual rights, e.g. freedom of speech or freedom of association.

The term appeared in the 5th century BC to denote the political systems then existing in Greek city-states, notably Classical Athens, to mean "rule of the people", in contrast to aristocracy (ἀριστοκρατία, aristokratía), meaning "rule of an elite". Western democracy, as distinct from that which existed in antiquity, is generally considered to have originated in city-states such as those in Classical Athens and the Roman Republic, where various schemes and degrees of enfranchisement of the free male population were observed before the form disappeared in the West at the beginning of late antiquity. In virtually all democratic governments throughout ancient and modern history, democratic citizenship was initially restricted to an elite class, which was later extended to all adult citizens. In most modern democracies, this was achieved through the suffrage movements of the 19th and 20th centuries.

Democracy contrasts with forms of government where power is either held by an individual, as in autocratic systems like absolute monarchy, or where power is held by a small number of individuals, as in an oligarchy—oppositions inherited from ancient Greek philosophy. Karl Popper defined democracy in contrast to dictatorship or tyranny, focusing on opportunities for the people to control their leaders and to oust them without the need for a revolution. World public opinion strongly favors democratic systems of government.

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