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Sunday, August 21, 2022

A Paragraph on Supercomputer: Essay on Supercomputer (100, 200, 250, 300 Words) in English

 

A Paragraph on Supercomputer: Essay on Supercomputer (100, 200, 250, 300 Words) in English
A Paragraph on Supercomputer: Essay on Supercomputer (100, 200, 250, 300 Words) in English

Today, we are sharing a Paragraph on Supercomputer. This article can help the students who are looking for information about a Paragraph on Supercomputer in English. This essay on Supercomputer is very simple and easy to remember. The level of this paragraph is moderate so any students can write on this topic. This article is generally useful for all classes.


Students can find below a paragraph on Supercomputer in english along with an essay on Supercomputer of 100, 200, 250, 300 words. If you have any issue regarding the content of this article “Paragraph on Supercomputer” please let us know in the comments.


Paragraph on Supercomputer Details

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Topic

Supercomputer

Material

Paragraph on Supercomputer or Essay on Supercomputer

Language

English

For

Students of any Class 1-12

Format

Text

Category

Paragraph or Essay

Provider

HSSLIVE


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  2. Now search for the main Paragraph or Essay article.
  3. Once on the main page search for the particular topic i.e Supercomputer.
  4. Click on the Paragraph on Supercomputer in English page for complete assignment.

Paragraph on Supercomputer in 100-150 Words / Essay on Supercomputer in 100 Words

Students can find below a paragraph of Supercomputer in 100-150 words or essay on Supercomputer in 100 words:


The invention of supercomputers is regarded as the marvelous innovation of creative minds. It is because of its enormous capability of working it has got its name as supercomputers. The normal computers that we use in our daily life are used to make our work easier and faster. We take the help of computers in performing different calculations and tasks that are performed by us in our daily life. The working of supercomputers is totally different from the normal computers that we use in our daily life. Normal computers are capable of doing different tasks one by one but the same is not applicable to supercomputers.

Supercomputers have the capability of performing millions of calculations or tasks at one time. Normal computers work with the concept of serial processing that enables them to perform tasks one by one. On the other hand, supercomputers work with the concept of parallel processing that enables them to perform millions of tasks at one time. This makes supercomputers more efficient than the normal computers we use in our daily life.


Paragraph on Supercomputer in 200-250 Words / Essay on Supercomputer in 200 Words

Students can find below a paragraph of Supercomputer in 200-250 words or essay on Supercomputer in 200 words:


The supercomputer is the latest form of a computer with extreme processing power. It is a large computer that is made up of a combination of several computers. The combination of several computers means that there are many processors that make supercomputers capable of doing the task with very high speed. It is extensively brought into use in large-scale industries, weather forecasting, research and development, nuclear industries, molecular modeling, physical simulations, etc.

History of Supercomputer

The first supercomputer came into existence in the 1960s. The credit for designing the first supercomputer named CDC 6600 goes to Seymour Cray. He was an American electrical engineer and a supercomputer architect. This supercomputer had a single processor and was able to perform about 3 million calculations in a spark of seconds. The working speed of the initial supercomputer was comparable to the smartphones at present. The advancement in design and working of supercomputers has been taking place from its advent till the present. Fujitsu Fugaku, IBM Summit, IBM Sierra, NRCPC Sunway Taihulight are the names of the top four supercomputers in the world.

Operating Systems in Supercomputers

The initially developed supercomputers worked on the Unix Operating system. The advancement in technology led to the development of new supercomputers with much-improved processors and high working speeds. The newly developed supercomputers at present are working on Linux operating systems. The choice of operating systems in supercomputers mainly depends upon the requirement of the user. Centos, bullx, Cray Linux are some of the most used operating systems used in Supercomputers.

Supercomputer in India

The supercomputer was originally invented in the world in the 1960s but its advent in India took place in the 1980s. Param 8000, stated as the first supercomputer in India was invented in the year 1991 by the Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (CDAC). A National Supercomputing mission has been initiated in the nation in the year 2015. The vision of launching this seven years mission in the nation was to develop approximately 70 supercomputers in the nation. The NSM project aims to become successful in achieving its objective till 2022.


Paragraph on Supercomputer in 300 Words / Essay on Supercomputer in 300-500 Words

Students can find below a paragraph of Supercomputer in 300-500 words or essay on Supercomputer in 300 words:


Below we have given a long essay on Supercomputer of 500 words is helpful for classes 7, 8, 9 and 10 and Competitive Exam Aspirants. This long essay on the topic is suitable for students of class 7 to class 10, and also for competitive exam aspirants.

Present day computers are used to work, to play, to have fun, to shop, to study, to talk, to date and to generally do anything one can think about. Since its inception, the computer technology has improved manifolds. We no longer talk about simple computers that are able to perform a few tasks at a given time, but we have developed Supercomputers- computers so fast that they can carry out millions of calculations in a matter of seconds. A supercomputer is defined as a mainframe computer that is one of the fastest and most powerful computer. Supercomputers have grown and changed throughout their history. Their speed is unparalleled, their future is exciting, and their uses are nearly limitless.

In 1943, the first supercomputer named Colossus was made in England. It was only able to handle five thousand characters per second. Also in England in 1950, the Manchester Mark I was produced and was able to handle 500 instructions per second. In 1975, the “father of supercomputing,” Seymour Cray earned his nickname for creating the first completely transistorized supercomputer.

Cray foundted Cray Inc. when he began designing and creating supercomputers. He named his first supercomputer Cray-I. It was a single electronic computer. Cray-I was sold in 1976 to Los Alamos National Laboratory for $8.8 million. The Cray-1 recorded a speed of 160 million floating-point operations per second (160 megaflops) and contained an 8 megabyte main memory. That means it could hold one million words.

Even though the world got introduced to the computer technology in late forties, India bought its first computer in 1956 for a princely sum of ₹ 10 lakh. It was called HEC-2M and was installed at Calcutta’s Indian Statistical Institute. It was nothing more than a number crunching machine and was huge in size. The dimensions of this monster were 10 ft in length, 7 ft in breadth and 6 ft in height. It played a critical role in formulating annual and five-year plans by the planning commission, and in top-secret projects of India’s nuclear programme.

Moreover, it went on to turn out India’s first generation of computer professionals. It was at least ten thousand times slower in solving even simple problems than today’s machines. But it set the stage for the development of computers in India. India’s supercomputer era began when our former Prime Minister, Shri VP Singh, dedicated to the nation, country’s first super computer, ₹ 15 crores US made, CRAY-X-MP 14 on 25th March, 1989. The main application of this super computer is in medium range weather forecasting to agro-meteorology programmes to agricultural operations to water resource management.

It is established at the National Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting (NCMRWF), a constituent unit of the DST (Department of Science and Technology), New Delhi. India’s first home-developed supercomputer was PARAM 8000. PARAM stood for Parallel Machine. This computer was developed by the government-run Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC) in 1991.


Conclusion on Paragraph on Supercomputer in English

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Few Lines on Importance of Supercomputer??

A supercomputer is a computer with a high level of performance as compared to a general-purpose computer. The performance of a supercomputer is commonly measured in floating-point operations per second (FLOPS) instead of million instructions per second (MIPS). Since 2017, there have existed supercomputers which can perform over 10 FLOPS (a hundred quadrillion FLOPS, 100 petaFLOPS or 100 PFLOPS).

For comparison, a desktop computer has performance in the range of hundreds of gigaFLOPS to tens of teraFLOPS.

Since November 2017, all of the world's fastest 500 supercomputers run Linux-based operating systems. Additional research is being conducted in the United States, the European Union, Taiwan, Japan, and China to build faster, more powerful and technologically superior exascale supercomputers.

Supercomputers play an important role in the field of computational science, and are used for a wide range of computationally intensive tasks in various fields, including quantum mechanics, weather forecasting, climate research, oil and gas exploration, molecular modeling (computing the structures and properties of chemical compounds, biological macromolecules, polymers, and crystals), and physical simulations (such as simulations of the early moments of the universe, airplane and spacecraft aerodynamics, the detonation of nuclear weapons, and nuclear fusion). They have been essential in the field of cryptanalysis.

Supercomputers were introduced in the 1960s, and for several decades the fastest were made by Seymour Cray at Control Data Corporation (CDC), Cray Research and subsequent companies bearing his name or monogram. The first such machines were highly tuned conventional designs that ran more quickly than their more general-purpose contemporaries. Through the decade, increasing amounts of parallelism were added, with one to four processors being typical. In the 1970s, vector processors operating on large arrays of data came to dominate. A notable example is the highly successful Cray-1 of 1976. Vector computers remained the dominant design into the 1990s. From then until today, massively parallel supercomputers with tens of thousands of off-the-shelf processors became the norm.

The US has long been the leader in the supercomputer field, first through Cray's almost uninterrupted dominance of the field, and later through a variety of technology companies. Japan made major strides in the field in the 1980s and 90s, with China becoming increasingly active in the field. As of May 2022, the fastest supercomputer on the TOP500 supercomputer list is Frontier, in the US, with a LINPACK benchmark score of 1.102 ExaFlop/s, followed by Fugaku; The US has four of the top 10; China and Italy have two each, Switzerland has one. In June 2018, all combined supercomputers on the TOP500 list broke the 1 exaFLOPS mark.

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