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Wednesday, November 29, 2023

11 On The Rule of the Road Summary in Hindi & English Free Online

 

11 On The Rule of the Road Summary in Hindi & English Free Online
11 On The Rule of the Road Summary in Hindi & English Free Online

On The Rule of the Road Summary in English and Hindi Free Online: Hi Students, in this article you will find 11 On The Rule of the Road Summary in English and Hindi. On The Rule of the Road Summary in Hindi & English in a PDF format makes it very convenient for students to do a quick revision of any chapter. This way, you can do your revisions on the go, not losing your valuable time. Also in this article students of 11 will get On The Rule of the Road Summary in english for the ease of students. This will help prepare students for the upcoming exams and score better. Hope this On The Rule of the Road Summary in Hindi & English will be helpful to you.


11 On The Rule of the Road Summary in Hindi & English

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On The Rule of the Road

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11 On The Rule of the Road Summary in Hindi

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ए.जी. गार्डिनर (1865 - 1946) ने अपने निबंध 'द रूल ऑफ द रोड' में बताया कि सच्ची स्वतंत्रता क्या है। वह एक बूढ़ी औरत का उदाहरण देकर शुरू करते हैं, जो फुटपाथ के बजाय पेट्रोगार्ड में सड़क के बीच में चलने पर जोर देती थी। उनका तर्क था कि अब उन्हें ऐसा करने की आजादी मिल गई है। उसे इस बात का अहसास नहीं था कि उसकी तरह कैब-चालक को भी फुटपाथ पर गाड़ी चलाने का हक है। अगर ऐसा हुआ तो हर तरफ ट्रैफिक जाम और अफरा-तफरी मच जाएगी और कोई भी समय पर अपने गंतव्य तक नहीं पहुंच पाएगा। इस तरह की व्यक्तिगत स्वतंत्रता के परिणामस्वरूप समाज में पूर्ण अराजकता होगी।

लेखक का मानना है कि आजकल लोग आजादी के नशे में धुत होते जा रहे हैं, जो बहुत खतरनाक है। इसलिए हमें सड़क के नियम को समझना चाहिए। इसका मतलब है कि सभी की स्वतंत्रता को बनाए रखने के लिए, सभी की स्वतंत्रता को कम किया जाना चाहिए। यातायात पुलिसकर्मी को स्वतंत्रता के प्रतीक के रूप में लिया जाना चाहिए न कि अराजकता के प्रतीक के रूप में जब वह यातायात को नियंत्रित कर रहा हो। निजी स्वतंत्रता में कुछ कटौती आवश्यक है ताकि हर कोई एक ऐसी सामाजिक व्यवस्था का आनंद उठा सके जो स्वतंत्रता को वास्तविकता बनाती है क्योंकि स्वतंत्रता केवल एक व्यक्तिगत मामला नहीं है बल्कि एक सामाजिक अनुबंध भी है।

यदि किसी व्यक्ति की स्वतंत्रता दूसरे की स्वतंत्रता को प्रभावित नहीं करती है, तो वह जैसा चाहे वैसा कर सकता है। उदाहरण के लिए वह अपनी पसंद के कपड़े पहन सकता है, जूते पहन सकता है या नंगे पैर चल सकता है, लंबे या छोटे बालों को सहारा दे सकता है। वह देर से सोने या जल्दी उठकर अपनी कल्पना का पालन कर सकता है। उसे ऐसी चीजों में किसी की अनुमति लेने की जरूरत नहीं है। लेकिन जिस क्षण उसकी व्यक्तिगत स्वतंत्रता दूसरों को प्रभावित करने लगे, तो उसे प्रतिबंधित कर दिया जाना चाहिए। यदि वह अपने पड़ोसियों को परेशान नहीं करता है, तो वह अपने संगीत वाद्ययंत्र को उतनी ही जोर से बजा सकता है, जितना वह चाहता है। लेकिन उसे यह सुनिश्चित करना चाहिए कि उसके कार्य अन्य लोगों की स्वतंत्रता का अतिक्रमण न करें।

लेखक एक ऐसे व्यक्ति का एक और उदाहरण देता है जो एक रेलगाड़ी में घुस गया था और जब वह ब्लू-बुक पढ़ने की कोशिश कर रहा था, तो उसकी तेज बात से उसे परेशान किया। उस आदमी ने अपने दोस्त के साथ आम जगह की बातें तेज और धूमधाम से की और लेखक को पढ़ना बंद करने के लिए मजबूर किया। लेखक ने कोई आपत्ति नहीं की, कहीं ऐसा न हो कि उसे एक बहुत ही असभ्य साथी समझा जाए। वह महसूस करता है कि दूसरों के अधिकारों और भावनाओं के लिए उचित विचार सामाजिक व्यवहार की नींव है। उनका विचार है कि इस संबंध में महिलाएं पुरुषों की तुलना में कम सभ्य हैं। इसका कारण यह है कि पुरुषों को सामाजिक संबंधों को देने और लेने में महिलाओं की तुलना में बेहतर प्रशिक्षित किया जाता है क्योंकि वे दुनिया के व्यापक प्रवाह में अधिक रहते हैं। उन्होंने अपने स्कूली जीवन, अपने क्लब जीवन और खेलों से सीखा है। लेकिन महिलाओं को इन चीजों में मजा नहीं आने लगा है।

लेखक का मानना है कि छोटे लोगों और शांत लोगों के अधिकारों को संरक्षित करना भी महत्वपूर्ण है। मोटर चालकों को जानबूझकर और शोर से हॉर्न बजाकर दूसरों को परेशान करने का कोई अधिकार नहीं है। इसी तरह, किसी को अपने घर के अंदर अपने ग्रामोफोन को गोपनीयता बनाए रखते हुए सुनना चाहिए और अपने पड़ोसियों को परेशान नहीं करना चाहिए। तथ्य यह है कि हम अपनी इस जटिल दुनिया में न तो पूर्ण अराजकतावादी हो सकते हैं और न ही पूर्ण समाजवादी। हमें दोनों का तर्कसंगत मिश्रण होना चाहिए। हमें अपनी स्वतंत्रता और अपनी सामाजिक स्वतंत्रता की भी रक्षा करनी चाहिए। यह सड़क के नियम का पालन करके किया जा सकता है। जीवन में वीरता और बलिदान के महान क्षण दुर्लभ हैं। इसलिए सामाजिक व्यवहार की छोटी-छोटी आदतें ही हमारे जीवन को मीठा या कड़वा बना सकती हैं।


11 On The Rule of the Road Summary in English

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AG Gardiner (1865 - 1946) in his essay 'The Rule of the Road' explained what true freedom is. He begins by giving the example of an old woman who insisted on walking in the middle of the street in Petrogard instead of on the sidewalk. He argued that now he has got the freedom to do so. He did not realize that like him, the cab-driver also had the right to drive on the footpath. If this happens, there will be traffic jams and chaos everywhere and no one will be able to reach their destination on time. Such individual liberty would result in complete anarchy in the society.

The author believes that nowadays people are getting intoxicated with freedom, which is very dangerous. So we must understand the rule of the road. This means that in order to preserve the liberty of all, the liberty of all must be curtailed. The traffic policeman should be taken as a symbol of freedom and not as a symbol of anarchy when he is controlling the traffic. Some reduction in personal liberty is necessary so that everyone can enjoy a social order that makes freedom a reality because freedom is not just an individual matter but a social contract as well.

If a person's freedom does not affect the freedom of another, he can do as he pleases. For example, he can wear clothes of his choice, wear shoes or walk barefoot, support long or short hair. He may follow his imagination by sleeping late or waking up early. He doesn't need anyone's permission in such things. But the moment his personal liberty starts affecting others, it should be restricted. If he doesn't disturb his neighbors, he can play his musical instrument as loudly as he wants. But he must ensure that his actions do not encroach upon the freedom of other people.

The author gives another example of a man who got into a train and troubled him with his sharp talk when he was trying to read a blue-book. The man spoke loudly and pompously with his friend and forced the author to stop reading. The author did not object, lest he be considered a very rude fellow. He feels that due consideration for the rights and feelings of others is the foundation of social behaviour. He is of the view that women are less civilized than men in this regard. This is because men are better trained than women in the give and take of social interactions because they live more in the wider flux of the world. He has learned from his school life, his club life and sports. But women are not enjoying these things.

The author believes that it is also important to preserve the rights of little people and quiet people. Motorists have no right to disturb others by intentionally and noisily. Similarly, one should listen to his gramophone inside his house while maintaining confidentiality and not disturb his neighbours. The fact is that in this complex world of ours, we can neither be wholly anarchists nor wholly socialists. We should have a rational mix of both. We should also protect our freedom and our social freedom. This can be done by following the rule of the road. Great moments of valor and sacrifice are rare in life. So only small habits of social behavior can make our life sweet or bitter.


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