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12 Indian Civilization and Culture Summary in Hindi & English Free Online

 

12 Indian Civilization and Culture Summary in Hindi & English Free Online
12 Indian Civilization and Culture Summary in Hindi & English Free Online

Indian Civilization and Culture Summary in English and Hindi Free Online: Hi Students, in this article you will find 12 Indian Civilization and Culture Summary in English and Hindi. Indian Civilization and Culture Summary in Hindi & English in a PDF format makes it very convenient for students to do a quick revision of any chapter. This way, you can do your revisions on the go, not losing your valuable time. Also in this article students of 12 will get Indian Civilization and Culture Summary in english for the ease of students. This will help prepare students for the upcoming exams and score better. Hope this Indian Civilization and Culture Summary in Hindi & English will be helpful to you.


12 Indian Civilization and Culture Summary in Hindi & English

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12

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Indian Civilization and Culture

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12 Indian Civilization and Culture Summary

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12 Indian Civilization and Culture Summary in Hindi

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महात्मा गांधी ने अपने निबंध 'भारतीय सभ्यता और संस्कृति' में भारतीय सभ्यता के महत्व का वर्णन किया है।

भारतीय सभ्यता की सुदृढ़ नींव समय के साथ सफलतापूर्वक खड़ी हुई है। पश्चिमी सभ्यता जिसमें भौतिकता को विशेषाधिकार देने की प्रवृत्ति है, वह भारतीय सभ्यता से मेल नहीं खा सकती है जो नैतिक अस्तित्व को बढ़ाती है।

भारतीय सभ्यता बेजोड़ है और दुनिया में इसे हराया नहीं जा सकता। हमारे पूर्वजों ने जो बीज बोए थे, उनकी जड़ें गहरी थीं और एक बड़े पेड़ में चमत्कारिक ढंग से विकसित हुए थे, जिसकी कई शाखाएं भारत के दिल में फैली हुई थीं। रोम, ग्रीस और एक प्राचीन सभ्यता के कई अन्य केंद्र कम हो गए थे या अब उनके पूर्व गौरव में मौजूद नहीं हैं। जापान का पश्चिमीकरण हो गया है और चीन भी अपनी पुरानी संस्कृति से हट गया है। सभ्यता मनुष्य को कर्तव्य का मार्ग बताती है, कर्तव्य का पालन और नैतिकता का पालन विनिमेय है।

यह भारत के खिलाफ आरोप है कि उसके लोग असभ्य हैं और वे कोई बदलाव नहीं अपनाते हैं। यह वास्तव में हमारी योग्यता के खिलाफ आरोप है। इस तरह के आरोपों के बीच भारत अटल और अचल रहता है और यही उसकी महिमा है। 'मन एक बेचैन पक्षी है', लेकिन एक सच्चाई है। वह जितना अधिक चाहता है उतना ही अधिक प्राप्त करता है और फिर भी असंतुष्ट रहता है। ऐसे में हमारे पूर्वजों ने हमारे भोग की सीमा तय कर दी। उन्होंने हमें विलासिता और सुख के खिलाफ राजी किया। उनके लिए बड़े शहर बोझ और जाल थे। वहां लोग खुश नहीं होंगे, क्योंकि वहां चोरों, लुटेरों, वेश्याओं और असामाजिक तत्वों के गिरोह होंगे।

भारतीय सभ्यता नैतिक सत्ता को ऊपर उठाती है जबकि पश्चिमी सभ्यता अमरता का प्रचार करती है। हे उत्तरार्द्ध ईश्वरविहीन है, पूर्व ईश्वर में विश्वास पर आधारित है। प्राचीन सभ्यता मानव आवश्यकताओं की अनिश्चित बहुलता पर एक अनिवार्य प्रतिबंध है जबकि आधुनिक सभ्यता इसके ठीक विपरीत है।

पश्चिम में भौतिक वस्तुओं की अद्भुत खोज हुई है। इसी तरह, भारत में, हिंदू धर्म ने धर्म, आत्मा और आत्मा की चीजों में और भी अद्भुत खोज की है। हिंदू धर्म में कुछ ऐसा है जो अब तक जिंदा है। इसने बेबी इओनिया, सीरिया, मिस्र आदि जैसी कई सभ्यताओं का पतन देखा है।

हमारी सभ्यता, संस्कृति और स्वराज हमारी चाहतों और आत्म-भोग को बढ़ाने के बजाय सीमित करने और आत्म-निषेध पर निर्भर करते हैं। यूरोपीय सभ्यता यूरोपियन के अनुकूल है और अगर हम इसकी नकल करेंगे तो हमें (भारत) बर्बाद कर देंगे। शब्दों के वास्तविक अर्थों में सभ्यता में जानबूझकर और स्वैच्छिक प्रतिबंध है जो गुणा में नहीं है, जैसा कि पहले ही उल्लेख किया गया है।

हमारी भौतिक और सांस्कृतिक परिस्थितियों को व्यवस्थित करना आवश्यक है ताकि वे मानवता की हमारी सेवा में बाधा न बनें और उन्हें विकसित करने के लिए हमारी सारी ऊर्जा केंद्रित होनी चाहिए।


12 Indian Civilization and Culture Summary in English

Students can check below the 12 Indian Civilization and Culture Summary in English. Students can bookmark this page for future preparation of exams.


Mahatma Gandhi has described the importance of Indian civilization in his essay 'Indian Civilization and Culture'.

The strong foundation of Indian civilization has stood successfully over time. The Western civilization which has a tendency to privilege the materialistic cannot match the Indian civilization which extols the moral existence.

Indian civilization is unmatched and cannot be defeated in the world. The seeds that our forefathers sowed were deeply rooted and grew miraculously into a big tree, with many branches spreading across the heart of India. Rome, Greece and many other centers of an ancient civilization were reduced or no longer existed in their former glory. Japan has been westernized and China has also moved away from its old culture. Civilization tells man the path of duty, observance of duty and observance of morality are interchangeable.

It is an allegation against India that its people are uncivilized and they do not adopt any change. This is really an allegation against our competence. In the midst of such allegations, India remains steadfast and unmoving and this is its glory. 'The mind is a restless bird', but there is a truth. The more he wants the more he gets and still remains unsatisfied. In such a situation, our ancestors fixed the limit of our enjoyment. He persuaded us against luxuries and pleasures. For them the big cities were a burden and a trap. People will not be happy there, because there will be gangs of thieves, robbers, prostitutes and anti-social elements.

Indian civilization upholds moral authority while Western civilization propagates immortality. O the latter is godless, the former is based on belief in God. Ancient civilization is an inevitable restriction on an indefinite multiplicity of human needs whereas modern civilization is just the opposite.

Amazing discoveries of material things have happened in the West. Similarly, in India, Hinduism has made even more wonderful discoveries in the things of dharma, soul and spirit. There is something in Hinduism that is still alive. It has seen the decline of many civilizations like Baby Ionia, Syria, Egypt etc.

Our civilization, culture and Swaraj depend on limiting and self-denial rather than increasing our desires and self-indulgence. European civilization is European friendly and if we copy it, we (India) will be ruined. Civilization in the true sense of the words has a deliberate and voluntary restriction that multiplication does not have, as already mentioned.

It is necessary to organize our physical and cultural conditions so that they do not hinder our service to humanity and all our energy must be concentrated to develop them.


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