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Tuesday, January 23, 2024

12 Indigo Summary in Hindi & English Free Online

 

12 Indigo Summary in Hindi & English Free Online
12 Indigo Summary in Hindi & English Free Online

Indigo Summary in English and Hindi Free Online: Hi Students, in this article you will find 12 Indigo Summary in English and Hindi. Indigo Summary in Hindi & English in a PDF format makes it very convenient for students to do a quick revision of any chapter. This way, you can do your revisions on the go, not losing your valuable time. Also in this article students of 12 will get Indigo Summary in english for the ease of students. This will help prepare students for the upcoming exams and score better. Hope this Indigo Summary in Hindi & English will be helpful to you.


12 Indigo Summary in Hindi & English

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12

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Indigo

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12 Indigo Summary

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12 Indigo Summary in Hindi

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'इंडिगो' गांधी के जीवन की कई घटनाओं का विवरण देता है जो उन्होंने बिहार के चंपारण में देखी थीं। 1916 में चंपारण के एक किसान राजकुमार शुक्ल ने गांधी से संपर्क किया था। वह चाहते थे कि गांधी चंपारण जाएं और वहां के किसानों की स्थिति के लिए कुछ करें। अपने अथक प्रयासों के कारण वे कुछ महीनों के बाद गांधी को चंपारण लाने में सफल रहे। कलकत्ता से चंपारण के रास्ते में, गांधी ने बटाईदारों की समस्याओं को समझने के लिए, पटना में एक वकील राजेंद्र प्रसाद और मुजफ्फरपुर में प्रोफेसर जे.बी. कृपलानी से मिलने का फैसला किया।

गांधी जब चंपारण पहुंचे, तब तक उनके मिशन की खबर जंगल की आग की तरह फैल चुकी थी। चंपारण पहुंचने के बाद, गांधी को पता चला कि कृषि योग्य क्षेत्रों को अंग्रेजों के स्वामित्व वाले बड़े क्षेत्रों में विभाजित किया गया था, और किसानों द्वारा काम किया गया था। नील क्षेत्र की मुख्य व्यावसायिक फसल थी क्योंकि जमींदारों ने सभी किरायेदारों को अपनी 15% भूमि पर नील उगाने और पूरी फसल को किराए के रूप में देने के लिए मजबूर किया। जब जमींदारों को पता चला कि सिंथेटिक नील को जर्मनों ने विकसित किया है, तो उन्होंने किरायेदारों से कहा कि वे उन्हें 15% व्यवस्था से मुक्त करने के लिए मुआवजे का भुगतान करें, जिस पर उन्होंने हस्ताक्षर किए थे। इससे किसानों की दुर्दशा हुई और वे चाहते थे कि गांधी उनकी मदद करें।

गांधीजी ने सबसे पहले सभी तथ्य और जानकारी एकत्र की। उन्होंने अंग्रेजों के प्रतिरोध का भी सामना किया। मोतिहारी के पास एक गाँव में एक किसान के साथ हुए दुर्व्यवहार की जाँच के लिए जाते समय, गांधी को बीच में ही लौटने का आदेश दिया गया और अगली सुबह अदालत में रिपोर्ट करने के लिए एक सम्मन दिया गया। गांधी का समर्थन करने के लिए किसान बड़ी संख्या में दरबार के बाहर आए और अधिकारी भीड़ को नियंत्रित करने में असमर्थ रहे। परिणामस्वरूप, मुकदमा स्थगित कर दिया गया और इसलिए गांधी को स्वतंत्र रूप से घूमने की अनुमति दी गई।

राजेंद्र प्रसाद, बृज किशोर बाबू, मौलाना मजहरुल हक सहित सभी प्रमुख वकील गांधी का समर्थन करने के लिए चंपारण पहुंचे और गांधी को जेल भेजे जाने पर गांधी के साथ जेल जाने का फैसला किया। लेकिन गांधी को एक लिखित संदेश मिला कि उपराज्यपाल ने मामला छोड़ दिया है। यह भारत में सविनय अवज्ञा की विजय की शुरुआत थी।

गांधी ने अपने वकीलों की टीम के साथ अपनी जांच जारी रखी और चार बार उपराज्यपाल से मिले। अंत में, एक आधिकारिक जांच का आदेश दिया गया। गांधी ने किसानों को दी जाने वाली धनराशि का 25 प्रतिशत रिफंड के रूप में स्वीकार कर लिया। इसने किसानों में साहस जगाया और अन्याय और शोषण पर उनकी जीत को चिह्नित किया।

इसके बाद गांधी ने क्षेत्र के आर्थिक और सांस्कृतिक विकास के लिए काम किया। महादेव देसाई और नरहरि पारिख, उनकी पत्नियों, उनकी पत्नी और बेटे की मदद से, गांधी ने स्कूल खोले और स्वच्छता और स्वच्छता की शिक्षा दी। स्वास्थ्य सेवाओं की भयावह स्थिति को सुधारने के लिए एक स्वयंसेवी चिकित्सक आया।

गांधी ने चार्ल्स फ्रीर एंड्रयूज को भारत में उनकी मदद करने के विचार से इनकार करते हुए अपने अनुयायियों को आत्मनिर्भरता का पाठ पढ़ाया। गांधी के अनुसार, अपने प्रयासों को मजबूत करने के लिए किसी अंग्रेज की मदद लेना कमजोरी का संकेत था।
इस प्रकार चंपारण आत्मनिर्भरता और भारतीय स्वतंत्रता का प्रतीक बन गया।


12 Indigo Summary in English

Students can check below the 12 Indigo Summary in English. Students can bookmark this page for future preparation of exams.


'Indigo' gives details of several incidents in Gandhi's life which he witnessed in Champaran, Bihar. In 1916, a farmer from Champaran, Rajkumar Shukla, approached Gandhi. He wanted Gandhi to go to Champaran and do something for the condition of the farmers there. Due to his tireless efforts he was able to bring Gandhi to Champaran after a few months. On his way from Calcutta to Champaran, Gandhi met Rajendra Prasad, a lawyer in Patna and Professor J.B. in Muzaffarpur, to understand the problems of the sharecroppers. Decided to meet Kripalani.

By the time Gandhi reached Champaran, the news of his mission had spread like wildfire. After reaching Champaran, Gandhi learned that the cultivable areas were divided into large areas owned by the British, and worked by farmers. Indigo was the main commercial crop of the region as the landlords forced all the tenants to grow indigo on 15% of their land and pay the entire crop as rent. When the landlords learned that synthetic indigo had been developed by the Germans, they asked the tenants to pay compensation to free them from the 15% arrangement they had signed. This caused the plight of the farmers and they wanted Gandhi to help them.

Gandhiji was the first to collect all the facts and information. He also faced resistance from the British. While on his way to investigate the mistreatment of a farmer in a village near Motihari, Gandhi was ordered to return midway and was given a summons to report in court the next morning. Farmers came out in large numbers to support Gandhi and the officials were unable to control the crowd. As a result, the trial was adjourned and Gandhi was therefore allowed to roam freely.

All prominent lawyers including Rajendra Prasad, Brij Kishore Babu, Maulana Mazharul Haque reached Champaran to support Gandhi and decided to go to jail with Gandhi when Gandhi was sent to jail. But Gandhi received a written message that the Lt Governor had dropped the matter. This was the beginning of the triumph of civil disobedience in India.

Gandhi continued his investigation with his team of lawyers and met the Lieutenant Governor four times. In the end, an official inquiry was ordered. Gandhi accepted 25 percent as refund of the amount given to the farmers. This instilled courage in the peasants and marked their victory over injustice and exploitation.

Thereafter Gandhi worked for the economic and cultural development of the region. With the help of Mahadev Desai and Narhari Parikh, his wives, his wife and son, Gandhi opened schools and taught cleanliness and hygiene. A volunteer doctor came to rectify the dire state of health services.

Gandhi taught his followers the lesson of self-reliance while denying Charles Freer Andrews the idea of helping him in India. According to Gandhi, taking the help of an Englishman to strengthen his efforts was a sign of weakness.
Thus Champaran became a symbol of self-reliance and Indian independence.


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For clearing board exams for the students. they’re going to need to possess a well-structured commit to study. The communicating are conducted within the month of could per annum. Students got to be sturdy academically in conjunction with numerous different skills like time management, exam-taking strategy, situational intelligence and analytical skills. Students got to harden.

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