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10 Nalanda Ancient Seat of Learning Summary in Hindi & English Free Online

 

10 Nalanda Ancient Seat of Learning Summary in Hindi & English Free Online
10 Nalanda Ancient Seat of Learning Summary in Hindi & English Free Online

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10 Nalanda Ancient Seat of Learning Summary in Hindi & English

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Nalanda Ancient Seat of Learning

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10 Nalanda Ancient Seat of Learning Summary in Hindi

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नालंदा विश्वविद्यालय के प्राचीन गौरव को याद करते हुए बिहार सरकार ने पालि और प्राकृत के अध्ययन और बौद्ध साहित्य और दर्शनशास्त्र में शोध के लिए मगध अनुसंधान संस्थान की स्थापना करने का निर्णय लिया। प्राचीन काल में नालंदा ने न केवल ज्ञान के क्षेत्र में बल्कि एशिया के विभिन्न भागों को एक करने में भी गौरवपूर्ण कार्य किया।

नालंदा का संदेश एशियाई मुख्य भूमि के पहाड़ों और महासागरों में सुना गया था। यह लगभग छह शताब्दियों तक एशियाई चेतना का केंद्र बना रहा। नालंदा का इतिहास भगवान बुद्ध और भगवान महावीर के युग का है।

इतिहास से पता चलता है कि नालंदा विश्वविद्यालय भगवान बुद्ध और सम्राट अशोक से गुप्त युग तक फला-फूला। एक चीनी तीर्थयात्री फा-हियान ने चौथी शताब्दी ई. में नालंदा का दौरा किया। 7वीं शताब्दी ईस्वी में, सम्राट हर्षवर्धन के शासनकाल के दौरान, ह्वेन त्सांग ने भारत का दौरा किया और नालंदा को अपनी महिमा के चरम पर पाया। ह्वेन त्सांग लिखते हैं कि 'नालंदा' नाम नालम-दा, मन की शांति से लिया गया है।

नालंदा विश्वविद्यालय की स्थापना सार्वजनिक दान और दान की मदद से की गई थी। यशोवर्मन का 8वीं शताब्दी का शिलालेख भारत में विहारों और संघ का पूरा विवरण देता है। नालंदा के शिक्षकों और छात्रों को आर्थिक चिंताओं से पूरी तरह मुक्त कर दिया गया। विश्वविद्यालय के आवर्ती व्यय को पूरा करने के लिए एक ट्रस्ट था। आय के स्रोत भूमि, भवन और 100 गांवों के राजस्व का सार थे। इट-सिंग के दौरे के समय तक ट्रस्ट की यह संपत्ति बढ़कर 200 गांवों तक पहुंच गई। नालंदा विश्वविद्यालय के संचालन में उत्तर प्रदेश, बिहार और बंगाल ने काफी हिस्सा लिया था।

नालंदा ने अंतर्राष्ट्रीय संबंध के क्षेत्र में भी महत्वपूर्ण भूमिका निभाई। नालंदा की उपलब्धि से प्रभावित होकर, जावा के सम्राट ने भगवान बुद्ध के प्रति अपनी भक्ति की दृश्य अभिव्यक्ति देने के लिए यहां एक बड़े विहार का निर्माण कराया था। इस प्रकार, नालंदा ने पूरे विश्व में अपनी महिमा का आनंद लिया।

ह्वेनसांग की यात्रा के समय नालंदा में 10,000 छात्र और 1,500 शिक्षक थे। वास्तव में, नालंदा तब उच्च शिक्षा का एकमात्र केंद्र था। चीन, कोरिया, तिब्बत, तुर्किस्तान और मंगलिया जैसे सुदूर देशों के विद्वानों ने बौद्ध साहित्य का अध्ययन और संग्रह करने के लिए नालंदा का दौरा किया। इसमें एशिया का सबसे बड़ा पुस्तकालय था। यहाँ दूर देशों के विद्वानों ने अनेक पाण्डुलिपियों की प्रतियों का अध्ययन किया और उनका अपनी भाषाओं में अनुवाद किया। 12वीं शताब्दी में, पुस्तकालय को नष्ट कर दिया गया था और कई पांडुलिपियां पहले से ही दूसरे देशों में अपना रास्ता खोज चुकी थीं और अभी भी वहां हैं।

नालंदा में प्रतिदिन कम से कम 100 व्याख्यान दिए जाते थे। ब्राह्मणवादी और बौद्ध साहित्य, दर्शन, विज्ञान और कला दोनों ही पाठ्यक्रम के विषय थे। वेद और संबद्ध साहित्य भी वहां पढ़ाया और पढ़ा जाता था।

नालंदा विश्वविद्यालय के पाठ्यक्रम में व्याकरण, तर्कशास्त्र, चिकित्सा विज्ञान और हस्तशिल्प अनिवार्य थे जबकि दर्शन और धर्म का अध्ययन अपनी विशेष रुचि पर था। व्याकरण के ज्ञान ने छात्रों को भाषा में महारत हासिल करने में सक्षम बनाया। तर्क ने उन्हें हर मुद्दे को तर्कसंगत रूप से आंकना सिखाया। चिकित्सा विज्ञान ने उन्हें स्वयं को पूर्ण स्वास्थ्य में रखने में सक्षम बनाया। उन्हें आर्थिक रूप से स्वतंत्र बनाने के लिए हस्तशिल्प अनिवार्य था। ह्वेनसांग ने विश्वविद्यालय के कुलपति आचार्य शीलभद्र के चरणों में कानून, योग, ध्वन्यात्मकता और पाणिनी के व्याकरण का अध्ययन किया।

नालंदा साहित्य और धर्म के अध्ययन के अलावा ललित कलाओं का भी केंद्र था। यह सत्य है कि नालंदा की उपलब्धि चौतरफा थी जिसमें धर्म, दर्शन, भाषा और हस्तशिल्प का समान महत्व था।

हमें अतीत की शिक्षा प्रणाली को पुनर्जीवित करने का लक्ष्य रखना चाहिए और नालंदा को कला, साहित्य, दर्शन, धर्म और विज्ञान के केंद्र के रूप में फिर से स्थापित करना चाहिए।


10 Nalanda Ancient Seat of Learning Summary in English

Students can check below the 10 Nalanda Ancient Seat of Learning Summary in English. Students can bookmark this page for future preparation of exams.


Recalling the ancient glory of Nalanda University, the Government of Bihar decided to establish the Magadha Research Institute for the study of Pali and Prakrit and research in Buddhist literature and philosophy. In ancient times, Nalanda did a proud job not only in the field of knowledge but also in uniting different parts of Asia.

Nalanda's message was heard in the mountains and oceans of the Asian mainland. It remained the center of Asian consciousness for almost six centuries. The history of Nalanda dates back to the era of Lord Buddha and Lord Mahavira.

History shows that Nalanda University flourished from Lord Buddha and Emperor Ashoka to the Gupta era. A Chinese pilgrim Fa-Hian visited Nalanda in the 4th century AD. In the 7th century AD, during the reign of Emperor Harshavardhana, Hiuen Tsang visited India and found Nalanda at the height of its glory. Hiuen Tsang writes that the name 'Nalanda' is derived from Nalam-da, peace of mind.

Nalanda University was established with the help of public donations and donations. Yashovarman's 8th century inscription gives a complete account of viharas and sanghas in India. The teachers and students of Nalanda were completely freed from financial worries. There was a trust to meet the recurring expenditure of the University. The sources of income were land, buildings and the revenue essence of 100 villages. By the time It-Sing visited, the trust's assets had grown to 200 villages. Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Bengal took a significant part in the running of Nalanda University.

Nalanda also played an important role in the field of international relations. Impressed by the achievement of Nalanda, the Emperor of Java built a large vihara here to give a visual expression of his devotion to Lord Buddha. Thus, Nalanda enjoyed its glory all over the world.

At the time of Hiuen Tsang's visit, Nalanda had 10,000 students and 1,500 teachers. In fact, Nalanda was then the only center of higher education. Scholars from distant countries such as China, Korea, Tibet, Turkestan and Mangalia visited Nalanda to study and collect Buddhist literature. It had the largest library in Asia. Here scholars from distant countries studied copies of many manuscripts and translated them into their own languages. In the 12th century, the library was destroyed and many manuscripts had already found their way to other countries and are still there.

At least 100 lectures were delivered daily at Nalanda. Both Brahmanical and Buddhist literature, philosophy, science and art were the subjects of the curriculum. The Vedas and associated literature were also taught and studied there.

Grammar, logic, medical science and handicrafts were compulsory in the curriculum of Nalanda University while the study of philosophy and religion were of special interest. Knowledge of grammar enabled the students to master the language. Logic taught him to judge every issue rationally. Medical science enabled him to keep himself in perfect health. Handicrafts were essential to make them financially independent. Hiuen Tsang studied law, yoga, phonetics and Panini's grammar at the feet of Acharya Shilabhadra, the vice-chancellor of the university.

Apart from the study of literature and religion, Nalanda was also a center of fine arts. It is true that Nalanda's achievement was all-round in which religion, philosophy, language and handicrafts were equally important.

We should aim to revive the education system of the past and re-establish Nalanda as a center of art, literature, philosophy, religion and science.


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