# HSSlive: Plus One & Plus Two Notes & Solutions for Kerala State Board

## AP Board Class 10 Maths Chapter 8 Similar Triangles Ex 8.1 Textbook Solutions PDF: Download Andhra Pradesh Board STD 10th Maths Chapter 8 Similar Triangles Ex 8.1 Book Answers AP Board Class 10 Maths Chapter 8 Similar Triangles Ex 8.1 Textbook Solutions PDF: Download Andhra Pradesh Board STD 10th Maths Chapter 8 Similar Triangles Ex 8.1 Book Answers

## Andhra Pradesh State Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 8 Similar Triangles Ex 8.1 Books Solutions

 Board AP Board Materials Textbook Solutions/Guide Format DOC/PDF Class 10th Subject Maths Chapters Maths Chapter 8 Similar Triangles Ex 8.1 Provider Hsslive

2. Click on the Andhra Pradesh Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 8 Similar Triangles Ex 8.1 Answers.
3. Look for your Andhra Pradesh Board STD 10th Maths Chapter 8 Similar Triangles Ex 8.1 Textbooks PDF.
4. Now download or read the Andhra Pradesh Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 8 Similar Triangles Ex 8.1 Textbook Solutions for PDF Free.

## AP Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 8 Similar Triangles Ex 8.1 Textbooks Solutions with Answer PDF Download

Find below the list of all AP Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 8 Similar Triangles Ex 8.1 Textbook Solutions for PDF’s for you to download and prepare for the upcoming exams:

### 10th Class Maths 8th Lesson Similar Triangles Ex 8.1 Textbook Questions and Answers

Question 1.
In △PQR, ST is a line such that 𝑃𝑆𝑆𝑄 = 𝑃𝑇𝑇𝑅 and also ∠PST = ∠PRQ.
Prove that △PQR is an isosceles triangle.
Given : In △PQR,
𝑃𝑆𝑆𝑄 = 𝑃𝑇𝑇𝑅 and ∠PST= ∠PRQ. R.T.P: △PQR is isosceles.
Proof: 𝑃𝑆𝑆𝑄 = 𝑃𝑇𝑇𝑅
Hence, ST || QR (Converse of Basic proportionality theorem)
∠PST = ∠PQR …….. (1)
(Corresponding angles for the lines ST || QR)
Also, ∠PST = ∠PRQ ……… (2) given
From (1) and (2),
∠PQR = ∠PRQ
i.e., PR = PQ
[∵ In a triangle sides opposite to equal angles are equal]
Hence, APQR is an isosceles triangle.

Question 2.
In the given figure, LM || CM and LN || CD. Prove that 𝐴𝑀𝐴𝐵 = 𝐴𝑁𝐴𝐷. Given : LM || CB and LN || CD In △ABC, LM || BC (given) Hence,  From (1) and (2)
∴ 𝐴𝑀𝐴𝐵 = 𝐴𝑁𝐴𝐷.

Question 3.
In the given figure, DE || AC and DF || AE. Prove that 𝐵𝐹𝐹𝐸 = 𝐵𝐸𝐴𝐶. In △ABC, DE || AC
Hence 𝐵𝐸𝐸𝐶 = 𝐵𝐷𝐷𝐴 ………. (1)
[∵ A line drawn parallel to one side of a triangle divides the other two sides in the same ratio – Basic proportionality theorem]
Also in △ABE, DF || AE
Hence 𝐵𝐹𝐹𝐸 = 𝐵𝐷𝐷𝐴 ………. (2)
From (1) and (2), 𝐵𝐹𝐹𝐸 = 𝐵𝐸𝐴𝐶 Hence proved.

Question 4.
Prove that a line drawn through the mid-point of one side of a triangle parallel to another side bisects the third side (Using Basic proportionality theorem). Given: In △ABC; D is the mid-point of AB.
A line ‘l’ through D, parallel to BC, meeting AC at E.
R.T.P: E is the midpoint of AC.
Proof:
DE || BC (Given)
then
𝐴𝐷𝐷𝐵 = 𝐴𝐸𝐸𝐶(From Basic Proportional theorem)
Also given ‘D’ is mid point of AB.
⇒ 𝐴𝐷𝐷𝐵 = 𝐷𝐵𝐷𝐵 = 𝐴𝐸𝐸𝐶 = 1
⇒ AE = EC
∴ ‘E’ is mid point of AC
∴ The line bisects the third side AC⎯⎯⎯⎯⎯⎯⎯⎯.
Hence proved.

Question 5.
Prove that a line joining the mid points of any two sides of a triangle is parallel to the third side. (Using converse of Basic proportionality theorem)
Given: △ABC, D is the midpoint of AB and E is the midpoint of AC.
R.T.P : DE || BC.
Proof: Since D is the midpoint of AB, we have AD = DB ⇒ 𝐴𝐷𝐷𝐵 = 1 ……. (1)
also ‘E’ is the midpoint of AC, we have AE = EC ⇒ 𝐴𝐸𝐸𝐶 = 1 ……. (2)
From (1) and (2)
𝐴𝐷𝐷𝐵 = 𝐴𝐸𝐸𝐶
If a line divides any two sides of a triangle in the same ratio then it is parallel to the third side.
∴ DE || BC by Basic proportionality theorem.
Hence proved.

Question 6.
In the given figure, DE || OQ and DF || OR. Show that EF || QR. Given: △PQR, DE || OQ; DF || OR
R.T.P: EF || QR
Proof:
In △POQ;
𝑃𝐸𝐸𝑄 = 𝑃𝐷𝐷𝑂 ……. (1)
[∵ ED || QO, Basic proportionality theorem]
In △POR; 𝑃𝐹𝐹𝑅 = 𝑃𝐷𝐷𝑂 ……. (2) [∵ DF || OR, Basic Proportionality Theorem]
From (1) and (2),
𝑃𝐸𝐸𝑄 = 𝑃𝐹𝐹𝑅
Thus the line EF⎯⎯⎯⎯⎯⎯⎯ divides the two sides PQ and PR of △PQR in the same ratio.
Hence, EF || QR. [∵ Converse of Basic proportionality theorem]

Question 7.
In the given figure A, B and C are points on OP, OQ and OR respec¬tively such that AB || PQ and AC || PR. Show that BC || QR. Given:
In △PQR, AB || PQ; AC || PR
R.T.P : BC || QR
Proof: In △POQ; AB || PQ
𝑂𝐴𝐴𝑃 = 𝑂𝐵𝐵𝑄 ……… (1)
(∵ Basic Proportional theorem)
and in △OPR, Proof: In △POQ; AB || PQ
𝑂𝐴𝐴𝑃 = 𝑂𝐶𝐶𝑅 ……… (2)
From (1) and (2), we can write
𝑂𝐵𝐵𝑄 = 𝑂𝐶𝐶𝑅
Then consider above condition in △OQR then from (3) it is clear.
∴ BC || QR [∵ from converse of Basic Proportionality Theorem]
Hence proved.

Question 8.
ABCD is a trapezium in which AB || DC and its diagonals intersect each other at point ‘O’. Show that𝐴𝑂𝐵𝑂 = 𝐶𝑂𝐷𝑂.
Given: In trapezium □ ABCD, AB || CD. Diagonals AC, BD intersect at O.
R.T.P: 𝐴𝑂𝐵𝑂 = 𝐶𝑂𝐷𝑂 Construction:
Draw a line EF passing through the point ‘O’ and parallel to CD and AB.
Proof: In △ACD, EO || CD
∴ 𝐴𝑂𝐶𝑂 = 𝐴𝐸𝐷𝐸 …….. (1)
[∵ line drawn parallel to one side of a triangle divides other two sides in the same ratio by Basic proportionality theorem]
In △ABD, EO || AB
Hence, 𝐷𝐸𝐴𝐸 = 𝐷𝑂𝐵𝑂
[∵ Basic proportionality theorem]
𝐵𝑂𝐷𝑂 = 𝐴𝐸𝐸𝐷 …….. (2) [∵ Invertendo]
From (1) and (2),
𝐴𝑂𝐶𝑂 = 𝐵𝑂𝐷𝑂
⇒ 𝐴𝑂𝐵𝑂 = 𝐶𝑂𝐷𝑂 [∵ Alternendo]

Question 9.
Draw a line segment of length 7.2 cm and divide it in the ratio 5 : 3. Measure the two parts. Steps of construction:

1. Draw a line segment AB⎯⎯⎯⎯⎯⎯⎯⎯ of length 7.2 cm.
2. Construct an acute angle ∠BAX at A.
3. Mark off 5 + 3 = 8 equal parts (A1, A2, …., A8) on AX↔ with same radius.
4. Join A8 and B.
5. Draw a line parallel to A8 B↔ at A5 meeting AB at C.
6. Now the point C divides AB in the ratio 5:3.
7. Measure AC and BC. AC = 4.5 cm and BC = 2.7 cm.

## Andhra Pradesh Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 8 Similar Triangles Ex 8.1 Textbooks for Exam Preparations

Andhra Pradesh Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 8 Similar Triangles Ex 8.1 Textbook Solutions can be of great help in your Andhra Pradesh Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 8 Similar Triangles Ex 8.1 exam preparation. The AP Board STD 10th Maths Chapter 8 Similar Triangles Ex 8.1 Textbooks study material, used with the English medium textbooks, can help you complete the entire Class 10th Maths Chapter 8 Similar Triangles Ex 8.1 Books State Board syllabus with maximum efficiency.

## FAQs Regarding Andhra Pradesh Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 8 Similar Triangles Ex 8.1 Textbook Solutions

#### Can we get a Andhra Pradesh State Board Book PDF for all Classes?

Yes you can get Andhra Pradesh Board Text Book PDF for all classes using the links provided in the above article.

## Important Terms

Andhra Pradesh Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 8 Similar Triangles Ex 8.1, AP Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 8 Similar Triangles Ex 8.1 Textbooks, Andhra Pradesh State Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 8 Similar Triangles Ex 8.1, Andhra Pradesh State Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 8 Similar Triangles Ex 8.1 Textbook solutions, AP Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 8 Similar Triangles Ex 8.1 Textbooks Solutions, Andhra Pradesh Board STD 10th Maths Chapter 8 Similar Triangles Ex 8.1, AP Board STD 10th Maths Chapter 8 Similar Triangles Ex 8.1 Textbooks, Andhra Pradesh State Board STD 10th Maths Chapter 8 Similar Triangles Ex 8.1, Andhra Pradesh State Board STD 10th Maths Chapter 8 Similar Triangles Ex 8.1 Textbook solutions, AP Board STD 10th Maths Chapter 8 Similar Triangles Ex 8.1 Textbooks Solutions,
Share: